Annual health screenings can detect conditions early, and give you and your doctor the opportunity to discuss lifestyle changes to help you avoid certain conditions.  Men and women should get annual physical
exams, but as we age those screenings should change. 

Be certain to talk with your healthcare provider about your personal risk factors, including family history, to determine when you should begin regular screenings. For some women, it's best to start particular screenings at an earlier age.

Female Annual Checkups Should Include:

  • Height, weight
  • BMI
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • STD/HIV, as recommended by healthcare provider
  • Breast self-exam, monthly

Age 9

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: three shots are given over six months (recommended for females ages 9 to 26)

When Sexually Active or by Age 18

  • Pelvic exam/Pap smear: annually first three years, then every one to three years based on exam results
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis): frequency based on risk
  • Breast self-exam: monthly

20s & 30s

  • Cholesterol: every five years based on results
  • Blood pressure: every one to two years based on results
  • Breast cancer doctor exam, every one to three years
  • PAP test (cervical cancer) with HPV test, annually
  • Tetanus booster, every 10 years


  • Mammogram: annually, each year until 65+
  • Breast cancer doctor exam, each year until 65+
  • Blood sugar test (type 2 diabetes): every three years based on results
  • Breast cancer doctor exam, each year until 65+
  • Chest X-Ray for smokers older than 45


  • Osteoporosis, bone density scan (DEXA): – women at menopause should talk to their doctor about risk
  • Colonoscopy/Colorectal cancer screening: every 10 years based on results
  • Double-contrast barium enema (colon and rectum X-ray): every five years if not having colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy
  • Fecal occult blood test (FOBT): every one to two years based on results
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: every five years
  • Flu shot: annually
  • Health maintenance exams, including vision and hearing impairment: talk with your healthcare provider
  • Lung cancer screening


  • Varicella Zoster Vaccine (for shingles)
  • Pap test — If you have no abnormal test results in 10 years, women can stop having this screening
  • Pneumococcal vaccine (pneumonia): once

Those 70 and older should discuss appropriate screening schedules with their physicians.

Women's Health Locations

MedStar St. Mary's Hospital
Outpatient Pavilion, Imaging Services
25500 Point Lookout Road
Leonardtown, MD 20650
Phone: 301-475-6399

MedStar Women's Specialty Center
40900 Merchants Lane
Blair Building, Suite 102
Leonardtown, MD 20650
Phone: 301-997-1315

Primary Care

East Run Center
45870 East Run Drive
Lexington Park
Phone: 240-895-8600

Learn more.

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